Bromus inermis Leyss.
Leafy, sod-forming, perennial, cool-season grass that spreads by rhizomes. This species is both native and introduced. The stems vary in height from 2 to 4 feet. The plant produces numerous basal and stem leaves that vary in length from 4 to 10 inches. Frequently the leaves are marked by a transverse wrinkle resembling a “W” a short distance below the tip. The flower head develops a characteristic-rich purplish-brown color when mature.
Livestock: Smooth brome may be used for hay, pasture, or silage. It is compatible with alfalfa or other adapted legumes. The grass is highly palatable and is high in protein content and relatively low in crude-fiber content.
Erosion Control: Since the plant has a massive root system and is a sod former it can be used effectively for critical area planting and grassed waterways if the
areas can be irrigated or where annual precipitation exceeds 20 inches.
Wildlife: Smooth brome can be used as a component in various upland wildlife and conservation cover mixes for nesting cover and food. Note: This species is no longer recommended for wildlife use in some states because of its aggressive nature.
bromegrass, Austrian brome, Hungarian brome, Russian brome